By the end of this unit you should have covered the following learning objectives:


• Describe the significance of fuelwood in LEDCs and of non-renewable fossil fuels in terms of their availability in certain areas and in terms of the contribution made by coal, oil, natural gas and wood in supplying vast amounts of energy.

• Describe the growing significance of renewable energy supplies (geothermal, wind, running water, solar, biofuels) to reduce dependence upon fossil fuels, to alleviate the world’s energy crisis, and to offer opportunities for the development of alternative energy sources.

• Describe the factors influencing the siting of different types of electrical power stations with reference to those listed in the syllabus (thermal, hydro-electric power, nuclear).

• Describe the uses made of water for agriculture, domestic and industrial demand. Candidates should also recognise that in certain areas there are water shortages which impact upon the local people and the potential for development. This leads to competition for the use of the available water resources and requires careful management.


• Demonstrate the need for sustainable development, resource conservation and management in different environments. It is not intended that candidates should be familiar with a wide variety of illustrations here. Rather that by the use of well selected case studies, possibly integrated with the study of other concepts referred to above, candidates become familiar with general principles and can illustrate from these examples.

• Identify and describe the benefits associated with the development of agriculture, mining and quarrying, energy production, manufacturing industries, transport and tourism. This could be incorporated with the studies outlined above

• Describe how these developments may also pose threats to the environment when natural ecosystems are interfered with including: soil erosion, global warming, and pollution (air, water, noise and visual).

• Identify areas at risk from these threats to the environment and describe attempts made to maintain, conserve or improve the quality of the environment.


Please find the learning objective sheet for the unit here:

1. DIFFERENT TYPES OF ENERGY



SOLAR ENERGY



OIL


HYDRO ELECTRIC POWER (HEP


NATURAL GAS


TIDAL POWER


GEOTHERMAL


BIOFUELS


WOOD ENERGY



UK ENERGY MIX CASE STUDY FOR REVISION


FUELWOOD IN DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO


HEP 3 GORGES DAM CASE STUDY FOR REVISION

2. SITING POWER STATIONS


Using Classtools.net annotate photographs on the locational factors of 3 different types of power generation. You will find the task sheet with useful links here




3. global warming